Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office, USA
Hong Kong

Hong Kong at a Glance

With more than 7.3 million people, Hong Kong is a vibrant city, and a major gateway to China. This page will give you the facts about Hong Kong – from the form of government to the languages used.

Government

Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. Following British rule from 1842 to 1997, China assumed sovereignty under the 'one country, two systems' principle. The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region's constitutional document, the Basic Law, ensures that the current political situation will remain in effect for 50 years. The rights and freedoms of people in Hong Kong are based on the impartial rule of law and an independent judiciary. Learn more here.

 
Economy

Hong Kong's economy is characterised by free trade, low taxation and minimum government intervention. It is the world's 9th largest trading economy, with the mainland of China as its most significant trading partner. Hong Kong is also a major service economy, with particularly strong links to mainland China and the rest of the Asia-Pacific region. Learn more here.

 
The Basic Law and “One Country, Two Systems”

The Basic Law is the constitutional document of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region which enshrines within a legal document the important concepts of “one country, two systems,” “Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong,” and a high degree of autonomy. It prescribes the various systems to be practiced in Hong Kong and sets out the blueprint for the city’s development. Learn more about the Basic Law.



Click here for the facts, statistics and yearbooks of Hong Kong

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